Almost ZERO percent — your chances of facing a sniper attack or other kinds of mass shooting. Despite this seemingly reassuring fact, the recent shooting incident at a country music event in Las Vegas serves as a warning of changing times. According to the news, the bloody killing spree of a lone gunman with his semi automatic rifle caused at least 50 deaths and left the whole world in shock.
A successful terror act and a population in panic may invite more attack. In these uncertain times of our society, people keep asking what they should do if ever they got caught in the same shooting scenario.
The internet did a great job in spreading informative videos and articles on how to survive an active shooter situation. However, there are many kinds of terror attacks and each requires a different set of safety responses. Your game plan to survive in one may not work on the other.
According to concertgoers who witnessed the shooting, it started out with hearing gunshots. The firing went against the beat of the song and it became faster shot after shot. However, they couldn’t find where the shots are coming from. When it seemed that the concert area with 22,000 people was the target, everyone started to panic.
In a video footage shared across different online platforms, concertgoers fled in panic without knowing what was happening. At first, they thought it was a firework act gone wrong. Others assumed trouble with the sound system.
Jason Aldean fled the stage. Thousands ran to anywhere while some others took video of their escape. Unfortunately, some spectators got shot and died before they knew what’s going on. A 21-year old survivor named Taylor shared that it wasn’t until the country singer left the stage when he realized that someone standing five feet away from him received a bullet in the chin.
The lively concert venue quickly turned into a manic hive with police sirens and flashing lights. Survivors even narrated how people fled from the venue with bullet holes in their bodies while others remain lifeless on the ground.
With the shooter coming from the 32nd floor of Mandalay Bay Resort, it would take longer for the police to zero in on the culprit’s hiding place. The distance measures around 400 yards away from the concert venue. If one correctly assumed that it’s a sniper spraying bullets from a building, it would take a lot of guessing before anyone could fine out.
The fire alarm caused by the gunfire smoke gave away the location of the shooter. When the police arrived to the hotel room, they found a man dead due to a self-inflicted gun shot wound. The FBI believes that the shooter killed himself before they could get in.
Compared to previous mass shootings, the Las Vegas incident looks far different. The shooter sprayed his bullets from a high-rise building which is rare. Without any idea of the shooter’s location, his victims would fall in great confusion as to where they should go for safety.
The standard advice to escape, hide, and fight became cuseless. People did not know where to run, they do not know what to hide from, and they could not fight someone considering the distance. Even if you had a firearm, a concealable handgun won’t shoot far and accurate enough.
Because of the bigger picture from the sniper’s point of view, the evasion technique of running in a zigzag pattern won’t make a difference. Also, the sniper wanted to kill as much people as possible. He aimed for the wave of people in a general area instead of a single target. Due to this, quickly getting out of the area appears as the safest option.
A person who knew about the surviving rules in a mass shooting may become discombobulated during a sniper attack. As a long range shooting is far different than other kinds of shooting, the same knowledge won’t work here. This calls for another lesson on how to survive a horror scenario like the Las Vegas incident.
In a sea of people, the ones that stand out gets noticed first. Unfortunately, this also works during a random sniper attack especially if the gun man does not care about race, gender, or appearance. As much as possible, keep a low profile and avoid wearing things that will draw a lot of attention to you.
Survivors of the Las Vegas shooting confessed that they did not realize the gunshots when they first heard it. Most of them thought it was fireworks. It took priceless seconds for most people to figure out that they were being attacked. For a while, the audience of the music festival became frozen targets in this shooting spree.
Some concertgoers remained alive because of great luck. They might have been watching from the safest area in the venue or the bullets were blocked by a few unfortunate people standing beside them. The sniper could have also aimed for an area with a thicker crowd to increase the deaths in his rampage.
If you heard firing sounds but didn’t see any fireworks, it lessens the chance of a pyrotechnics event occuring and increases the chance of a shootout happening nearby. Start looking around to see if something strange is taking place.
In the event of a sniper attack, you may see people dropping dead one by one. The first five seconds should paint the picture to everyone about what’s happening and what’s about to happen if they do not take any action. If lady luck kept you alive in the first seconds of the attack, help yourself and do not freeze from where you stand.
The faster you move, the higher chance you’d get out alive.
As things may go unexpectedly, always keep a survival mindset. Train yourself and your loved ones on how to identify potential weapons and possible escape routes in different places. For example, if you enter a restaurant, determine the places where you can hide, how can you escape if the need arises, and the available tools you can use if you need to engage with an attacker.
You may start with choosing the safest spot whenever and wherever you are. A survivalist in a restaurant would choose the seat next to a wall instead of eating in the most vulnerable area such as outdoors or beside the windows.
In the case of the Las Vegas incident, as no weapon can counter the sniper’s rifle and detect his location, you need to focus on finding the best place or direction that can shield you from the bullets.
Also, it’s best to get away as far as possible from the area as you don’t know exactly what’s going on. Terrorist attacks may start with shooting followed by a few bombings. It’s not enough that you got away from the sniper’s sight. Aim for the highest chance of safety.
Shooting from a distance works easily if targets stick to each other. You can just spray bullets on a crowd without aiming and it would result to a number of fatalities. But if your targets scatter, that’s where a sniper should exert an extra effort.
Distance yourself from the crowd. And when you do, avoid to not catch the attention of the sniper. Hide behind walls but avoid running next to them. Continue moving to make it hard for the sniper to hit you my moving and taking cover.
Some concertgoers reportedly crouched down. This may work in a lot of situation but during a sniper attack, it won’t do any good. The shooter aims from a higher ground and the bullets don’t go anywhere but downwards. It would make it easier for him to shoot those who try to get down low as they could. Playing dead is not safe either.
For a while, the shooting may stop as the sniper reloads or changes his firearm. This is everyone’s golden opportunity to those who are unsure of their hiding place to dash for the exits. Don’t wait for too long as an expert gun man can change or reload weapons in just a few seconds.
Thinking of the worst case to happen will give you enough motivation to do your best to escape. Also, this increases your chances of survival if in case the most unwanted thing would happen.
If you consider the worst case scenario, you would head home immediately. This saves you from deadlier events if the shooting incident would only serve as a prelude or disguise to a bigger terrorist move or invasion planned to happen on the same region at the same time.
Luck plays a huge role in surviving a sniper attack. For you to play the survival game, you should not end up as the first target.
Always keep a survival mindset wherever you go. With thousands of people in the venue, the chance of you receiving the first bullet is less than one percent.
Do not let a precious second go to waste. Flee the instant you realized what’s going on. A survivalist would quickly understand what’s happening in a few seconds and would take action to ensure his safety.
A regular mass shooting does not happen too often, but it’s more highly likely to take place than a sniper attack. First, it takes a lot of security breaches, research, money, and probably intel, to get into a safe sniping post and get yourself a good sniping rifle with enough bullets.
A mass shooting may sound like a general term. And depending on the state’s law, the act could fall under the terrorist act category.
For most states, an attempt or act of using violence, coercion, or sabotage with the aim to impose an ideology, a concept of fear or symbolism makes it an act of terrorism. When a mass shooting is not a terror attack, some groups believe that the right people can prevent it from happening.
Throughout the years, researchers embarked on a study of mass shooters in schools. They examined multiple incidents spanning three decades. Below shows a list of facts that would help us understand better about an attacker’s behavior before the incident took place.
- Most attackers did not serve a warning to their targets prior to the shootout.
- Incidents of school attacks out of sudden impulse is highly rare.
- Most attacks were stopped by intervention not made by the police force.
- Prior to the attacks, most mass shooters had experience with a firearm or a weapon. Some of them are skilled.
- Many attackers felt persecuted before the attack.
- Many of them attempted to commit suicide.
- Most attackers got started out scenes that resulted to physical and emotional concerns.
- Before the mass shooting, a few people knew about the attacker’s plan to commit violence. Many of them did not report to the police.
According to the Secret Service and Department of Education from where the findings came from, the last two items in the list highlight further inquiry:
Ninety three percent of the attackers showed concerning behavior before the incidents. With proper observation mechanisms and a better way of sharing information, the attack could have been avoided.
In 81% of these attacks, some people had prior knowledge of what’s about to happen. Too bad, they did not speak up to the police for a variety of reasons.
These are some facts not only the authorities, but other people can also use to help stop mass shooting at its conceptualizing stages.
The law enforcement calls a person or people committing mass shooting, “active shooters”. And these active shooters have two types of targets: a place where many people gather or a business or organization with particular involvement or role to the life of the attacker.
Although this information appears too broad, this suggests that an event or venue you will visit could potentially be seen as a target. Mass shootings in the U.S. took place at the following:
- National Parks
- Shopping Malls
- Movie Theaters
- Other public places full of people
Many of these places right now have tight securities. But still, some persistent perpetrators can surprisingly breach such defenses just to fulfill their ultimate goal — to kill as many random people as possible before they get neutralized.
Not to instill fear to some readers, but no identifiable pattern could be derived out of whatever amount of data the authorities hold in their hands. So if you get stuck in a crowded place with less security personnel, just keep a survivalist mind, pay attention to your surroundings, and act fast. The below tips will make a big difference if you found yourself in that dangerous situation.
It’s always best to wear clothes and shoes that will allow movement if the need to flee arises. Apart from shooting, this also applies in the case of fires, earthquakes, and other disasters where you need to quickly leave an establishment or a dangerous area. Keep a pair of prepper running shoes below your office desk or ready yourself to ditch the high heels to save your life.
The best way to realize your vulnerability to such dangers is by imagining if you can exit a burning high-rise building with the clothes you wear for work. What about the outfit you wear for parties?
As they randomly shoot people, there is no pattern as to how perpetrators shoot their victims. But if in case you need to run with other people from an active shooter, you wouldn’t want to wear a shirt with a huge print, “shoot me” or a glowing shirt while the rest wears black or gray.
First aid makes one of the important skills you should learn. This will come in handy if you got wounded while fleeing. Remember to treat your own injuries first before assisting others. Educate yourself about different ways to stop bleeding. Moreover, always keep a modern tourniquet in your first aid kit.
Take some time to locate the fire exits in your office building. Find out the fastest and the best escape route depending on the area where you stand in case of an emergency. Experts recommend keeping at least two escape routes in mind at all times just in case your first option won’t be accessible.
Find a good area of concealment and cover. But first, know the difference between the two.
Finding concealment means to search for a hiding place to keep you invisible from the active shooter’s line of sight. On the other hand, cover is also a hiding place but prioritizes more on protecting yourself from bullets such as behind walls, steel bars, and other bullet-proof materials.
Whether you are in office or in a restaurant, keep your radar on. Know the sound of gun fire and try to locate where it came from. This gives you enough lead time to flee from your place before the active shooter arrives.
Identify which rooms got shockproof doors with multiple dead bolts. Just make sure you can still go out quickly as some mass shooters start fires out of frustration. Moreover, rooms with furniture and sturdy materials for barricading serve as good hiding places.
As much as possible, avoid the active shooter’s line of sight. But if worst comes to worst, you may end up hiding or engaging with the attacker. Some pocket-friendly tools may come in handy:
- A light-weight taser or stun gun – Remember to get as close as possible and stun the enemy with this tool. Once distracted grab the gun or inflict a debilitating damage such as hitting the crotch, breaking the neck or poking the eye with a sharp material.
- Tactical pen – A good poking tool that can come useful in many situations.
- Tactical flashlight – Distract the enemy with a blinding flash and follow up with a critical hit. Get this chance to grab the gun or get close to him to avoid getting shot. The tactical flashlight itself serves as a good melee weapon.
Image: Campus Safety Magazine
Imagine a fine working day at the office where everyone’s trying to make an impression. You stood up to grab yourself a cup of coffee at the nearby lounge.
As you take a careful sip of your company’s premium espresso, you heard some loud bang. At first, it seemed like another pyrotechnic stunt, but it’s the light of day! You entertained the thought of an intruder who got past the security. A few seconds later, a rushing employee confirmed that a man with a firearm infiltrated the building and started shooting anyone in sight.
Thoughts of fear and what ifs may struck you. But this is not the right time to entertain them. Remind yourself of the standard rule when an active shooter wreaks havoc in your work environment: run, hide, or fight back. Take note that these options may also apply in other establishments and public areas such as shopping centers, restaurants, and more.
The best chance to survive a mass shooting is by running away from the location of the active shooter. Know where the attacker will come from and head the other way towards the fire exit or escape route.
React immediately. Stop any work you’re doing and leave your belongings. Kick off your heels and only think of escaping.
Run for the exits. You should prepare in advance by identifying all exits of the place. If you can’t find any during the attack, consider second story windows or windows you can break. Make sure that it won’t take a long time for the window glass to shatter. You can survive cuts from the broken glasses or a broken leg due to a fall.
Maintain a safe distance. As much as possible, keep distance from where the gunfire comes from. Avoid the shooter’s line of sight.
Hear the gun fire. You will hear the shots getting closer and closer if you stay at the same spot. Remember that 98% of active shooters do their attacks alone. For as long as you can avoid him, you will remain safe.
Bring people with you. Tell other people to run. If someone’s distraught, shake her up or drag her with you. Run with a group of people if possible. With numbers, it will be hard for the shooter to target you individually. Also, you can work together to take down the attacker if in case you run up against him.
It will only take a few seconds to know if it’s possible to run. If you need to get past the active shooter to reach the possible exit or if he is quickly approaching to your area, start to hide or barricade.
Find a good hiding place. The culprit will most likely chase anyone trying to escape. A massive shooter only cares about killing a lot of people before the SWAT team arrives. He will not spend time scouring every room just to kill an individual. But even so, give your best shot at hiding for better survival chances.
Turn off the lights. Once you decided to hide in a room, turn the lights off. This will give the impression that no one’s inside that room.
Image: San Diego Union Tribune
Keep your phone silent while hiding. Avoid making noises that could catch the attention of the active shooter. Call 911 and speak softly to the agent. As of this time, you should not post anything to social media to avoid revealing sensitive and misleading information.
Lock the door and barricade. Some guys may decide not to barricade to commit to the disguise. However, it makes a safer choice to lock the room and barricade shall the attacker attempt to enter. As active shooters only have a few minutes to spend, they will likely give up and pursue other targets.
Find cover. While hiding, find a hiding place that also shields you from stray bullets. When the police force arrive with the goal to neutralize the attacker, they will not hold back so make sure to take cover to keep yourself safe from the exchange.
Grab weapons while hiding. If worst comes to worst, you may need to engage with the active shooter. Use the element of surprise and attack him if he’s about to find you.
Ask others to keep silent and hidden. If you’re with some people in that same room, distribute the tasks. Ask someone to call 911 while others start barricading. Some guy needs to search for possible weapons just in case you need to work together to fight for your lives.
Image: Rock Valley College
Play dead as a last resort. If you got no cards up your sleeve, pretend to be one of the dead bodies. A great concealment would be lying beside your unfortunate co-workers. However, mass shooters know this tactic and may likely shoot lying bodies just to make sure he killed all of them. This may work best if running or hiding is not possible and you got shot while trying to fight back.
Image: San Diego Union Tribune
As the final option, you need to fight for your life. Don’t just jump over to the active shooter from an perfect hiding place. As much as possible, avoid engagement especially if you’re not trained in hand to hand combat. Let the police handle the firefight.
Do not try to persuade the attacker. There’s zero percent chance that an active shooter would change his mind and spare your life. This tactic is bound to fail. You got better odds with fighting.
Work with others to escape. If you’re with other people and can’t avoid the shooter, create confusion for the attacker. Make noises, shout, throw objects, and run from different directions to buy some seconds to run away or escape.
Work with others to fight. Using numbers is the best way to keep yourselves alive. Attack the shooter with everything you got. You can use scissors, fire extinguishers, chairs and other materials you can find. Aim to steal the gun while others are trying to land a hit.
Close range combat. Get close to the attacker without him knowing and try to grab the firearm. Hit high to discombobulate the shooter. You can hit the head, eyes, nose, throat or ears. Also, you can hit his crotch to extremely weaken his defense.
Commit to the attack. When you attempt to make the first hit, do not hesitate. Give him everything you’ve got. More importantly, do not be afraid to kill the active shooter if that’s the only way you can stop him.
The tips provided in the previous section of this article may also apply to a school shooting. However, some very specific
Report suspicious persons. Clues and information may be revealed by the shooter himself days or weeks before the shooting incident. If you’re a relative, a close friend or a partner of someone who talks seriously about killing people, report this to a teacher or to the authorities. According to studies, many perpetrators give hints or bluntly make announcements to show off. Don’t take this too lightly.
Communicate through radio. When a shooting takes place, inform everyone in the campus to escape or avoid the active shooter by announcing it to a nearby radio if you happen to run across one.
Be prepare to fight. It would help to sign up to a martial art class just in case you need to engage with the enemy. Knowing some tricks will make you feel confident in a close range combat shall the need arises.
Image: Krav Maga Federation of America
Follow the lockdown procedure if applicable. Keep yourself aware about school protocol regarding this kind of event. However, not all school lockdown procedures may apply to a shooting.
When the law enforcement arrives, it does not mean you can go lax and assume that everything’s safe. Here are some things you need to remember.
Do not get out of your hiding area. Continue hiding behind a bullet-proof cover as a shoot out will likely immerse between the police force and the active shooter.
Do not run to the responding policemen. The first law enforcement group to arrive in the area is the team who will locate and annihilate the active shooter. You will just get in their way. Stay in your hiding place and don’t come out. If you’re wounded, wait for the medic or rescuers to arrive.
Keep your hands up. If you managed to get out while the cops arrive, raise your hands and spread your fingers. This will tell that police that you are not a threat. Keep it visible.
Inform the police of everything you know. Tell the officers about the active shooter’s location, his appearance, his weapons and other important things that will help them neutralize the attacker as quickly as possible.
Head to the direction where the police came from. Don’t get in the way just to ask questions about the safest way to get out. The SWAT team should remain focus on finding the culprit and neutralizing him. Go to the direction from where the police entered as it’s most likely safe.
Follow the officers’ instructions. Without any argument, do what the police asked you to do.
Run, Hide, or Fight.
It should only take a few seconds before to determine the most applicable active shooter response. Assess the situation carefully and keep a survivalist mind for a higher chance of survival. Finally, always remember that the first five seconds in a mass shooting incident matters, so think and act fast.